Assessment of ecosystem services as an alternative for spatial planning in Switzerland
Spatial planning is at the centre of public debates in Switzerland. It invokes two distinct objectives. One is to achieve an appropriate occupation of the territory; the other is to ensure a sound and moderate use of the land. However, adequate control of territorial development is challenging in the current governance framework. Land crop rotation areas (LCRA) or surfaces d’assolement are currently a tool for land-use planning. The concept aims at preserving the best arable land to ensure food self-sufficiency in the event of border closure, and has been implemented since 1945. Recent work argue that LCRA do not preserve the most valuable land from an environmental and biodiversity perspective. The priority given to LCRA over other ecosystems is questioned considering the existing demographic pressure and increasing environmental strain. The concept of ecosystem services (ES) opens a new perspective for planning and reconcile competing land-uses. The aim of this research is to understand the role of ES for planning rural areas in Switzerland. This study focuses on assessing the impact of federalism on the provision of ecosystem services, and optimizing their use on the territory based on past and current supply. The methodology is developed to test four research hypotheses. A historical evaluation will be performed by space-time interaction at the national scale between the cantons to understand whether the federal governance system is a powerful driving force for the preservation of ES. Next, a focus will be made on the French-speaking cantons to assess to understand how ES are integrated into spatial planning at the regional (cantonal) scale in Switzerland. Here, a directed content analysis of cantonal spatial plan will be conducted. Following the analysis, the canton of Vaud is taken as a case study to evaluate the current trade-offs between ES and to challenge the current allocation of LCRA using a suit of biophysical modelling and participatory tools. Finally, preliminary results will be presented to decision-makers to understand whether ES are better considered in the development of planning strategies by integrating place-based stakeholder knowledge at early stages of an ES study.
|Health, Safety and Environment officer||2016|
|Environmental engineering consultant||2017|
|MSc||Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Development||Imperial College London||2014-2015|
|BSc||Geology and Geography||University of Manchester||2011-2014|
R. Jaligot; S. Hasler; J. Chenal : National assessment of cultural ecosystem services - participatory mapping in Switzerland; Ambio. 2018-12-10.
R. Jaligot; J. Chenal : Integration of ecosystem services in regional spatial plans in Western Switzerland; Sustainability. 2018-11-21.
R. Jaligot; J. Chenal; M. Bosch Padros; S. Hasler : Historical dynamics of ecosystem services and land management policies in Switzerland; Ecological Indicators. 2018-06-26.
R. Jaligot; A. F. Kemajou Mbianda; J. Chenal : Cultural ecosystem services provision in response to urbanization in Cameroon; Land Use Policy. 2018. DOI : 10.1016/j.landusepol.2018.09.013.
R. Jaligot; J. Chenal : Decoupling municipal solid waste generation and economic growth in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland; Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 2018. DOI : 10.1016/j.resconrec.2017.12.014.
R. Jaligot; A. F. Kemajou Mbianda; J. Chenal : A new approach to spatial analysis of motorcycle taxis activities: the case of Port-au-Prince, Haiti; Urban, Planning and Transport Research. 2017. DOI : 10.1080/21650020.2017.1402697.
R. Jaligot; D. Wilson C; C. Cheeseman; B. Shaker; J. Stretz : Applying value chain analysis to informal sector recycling: A case study of the Zabaleen; Resources Conservation and Recycling. 2016. DOI : 10.1016/j.resconrec.2016.07.006.
R. Jaligot; J. Chenal : Web-based assessment of cultural ecosystem services in Switzerland ; A Community on Ecosystem Services 2018, Washington D.C, USA, 3-7 December 2018.
R. Jaligot; S. Hasler; J. Chenal : Participatory mapping of cultural ecosystem services in a federal state: lessons learnt from Switzerland ; A Community on Ecosystem Services 2018, Washington D.C, USA, 3-7 December 2018.
R. Jaligot; A. F. Kemajou Mbianda; J. Chenal : Applying participatory geographic information systems to evaluate cultural ecosystem services in Yaoundé, Cameroon ; International Meeting on Mapping Techniques and Citizenship, São Paulo, Brazil, 13-16 November 2018.
R. Jaligot; S. Hasler; J. Chenal : Conducting participatory mapping of cultural ecosystem services at the national scale: a case of Switzerland ; Ecosystem Services Partnership regional conference: Europe 2018, San Sebastian, Spain, 15-19 October 2018.
Valuing waste as resource: Mechanisms of change in developed and developing countries ; World Congress and Expo on Recycling, Berlin, Germany, August 29-30, 2018.
J. Chenal; R. Jaligot; A. F. Kemajou Mbianda : Comment voir l’impact spatial d’un mode de transport? Le cas de moto-taxis à Port-au-Prince ; Séminaire urbain du Réseau d’Excellence des Sciences de l’Ingénieur de la Francophonie (RESCIF), Port-au-Prince, Haïti, December 5-7, 2017.
R. Jaligot; A. F. Kemajou Mbianda; J. Chenal : A spatial analysis of motorcycle taxis activities for environmental planning The case of Port au Prince Haiti, Seventh International Conference on Advances in Applied Science and Environmental Technology - ASET 2017 ; Seventh International Conference On Advances in Applied Science and Environmental Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, September, 24-25, 2017.
R. Jaligot; J. Chenal : Ecosystem services and federalism: a case study of Switzerland ; 2017 International Conference on Sustainable Development and Green Technology, Nanhua University, Taiwan, November, 24-26, 2017.
R. Jaligot; A. F. Kemajou Mbianda; J. Chenal : A spatial analysis of motorcycle taxis activities for environmental planning – the case of Port-au-Prince, Haiti. 2017. Seventh International Conference On Advances in Applied Science and Environmental Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, September, 24-25, 2017. DOI : 10.15224/978-1-63248-136-8-27.