Senior Lecturer and Senior Scientist
Visiting Professor at the Department of Architecture and Design, Politecnico di Torino
PhD in History and Civilization (EHESS, Paris)
Director of the Minor in Area and Cultural Studies (MACS) between 2012 and 2016
Associate member of the Laboratoire d’anthropologie culturelle et sociale (LACS), UNIL
Member of the EDAR committee (Doctoral Program Architecture and Sciences of the City) at the School of Architecture, Civil and Environment Engineering in EPFL
Florence Graezer Bideau trained as an anthropologist and a sinologist, and received her PhD in History and Civilization in 2005. Before joining the Centre for Area and Cultural Studies (CACS) at EPFL in 2010, she was a lecturer in anthropology at the University of Lausanne, where she taught courses in cultural theory and fieldwork methodology. She is Senior Lecturer and Senior Scientist at the College of Humanities where she teaches area studies, anthropology of China, critical heritage studies and urban studies. She has been acting as Director of the Minor in Area and Cultural Studies between 2012 and 2016 and she is currently a member of the EDAR committee (Doctoral Program Architecture and Sciences of the City) at the School of Architecture, Civil and Environment Engineering in EPFL. Since 2015, Florence has also been Visiting Professor at the Department of Architecture and Design, Politecnico di Torino, Italy. Her fields of expertise include anthropology of China, urban sociology, modes of sociability and governmentality.
Florence’s research is on the relation between culture and power (making of cultural policy in China; emergence of maker movement (makerspaces) and politics of innovation in China), heritage issues (process of heritagization and multiculturalism in Malaysia and Singapore; implementation of the UNESCO Convention for Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in Switzerland; historic urban landscape in heritage policy of Beijing, Rome and Mexico City), and the making of the city (informal resistances toward the violence of urbanism in Caracas, Chennai and Guangzhou; uses of public spaces in Chinese new towns).
Fields of expertise
Epistemology and history of anthropology
Popular culture and cultural policy
Resistance and Innovation in urban space
Critical heritage studies
UNESCO heritage processes in China, Malaysia and Singapore
Intangible Cultural Heritage in Switzerland
Chinese New Towns
F. Graezer Bideau; M. Kilani : Tourisme et patrimoine dans la ville de Malacca, Malaisie: un couple bien assorti?; Ethnologies. 2016.
F. Graezer Bideau; S. Andris : Challenging the notion of Heritage? Introduction; Tsantsa. 2014.
F. Graezer Bideau : Inventorier les ‘traditions vivantes’. Approches du patrimoine culturel immatériel dans le système fédéral suisse; Ethnographiques.org. 2012.
F. Graezer Bideau; M. Kilani : Multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism, and making heritage in Malaysia: a view from the historic cities of the Straits of Malacca; International Journal Of Heritage Studies. 2012. DOI : 10.1080/13527258.2011.609997.
F. Graezer Bideau : Vous avez dit: “traditions vivantes urbaines” en Suisse?. 2019-03-08. Colloque international: Une approche interdisciplinaire du patrimoine culturel immatériel, Museum Fünf Kontinente, Institut für Kunstgeschichte, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München, Deutschland, Mars 7-8, 2019.
C. L. G. Renaud; M. Bolli; M. Laperrouza; F. Graezer Bideau : Making the city: re-assembling spaces of manufacturing. 2017. CHI2017.
L. A. Herrera Quiroz; F. Graezer Bideau; Y. Pedrazzini : Urban Scars: From invisible to visible – In Beijing and Mexico City. 2017. V Congreso Internacional Cidades Criativas, Porto, PORTUGAL, January 25-27, 2017. p. 257-268.
F. G. Bideau : Asian Theatres at work. Circulation, expression, politics; Anthropos. 2014.
F. Graezer Bideau : Théâtres d’Asie à l’oeuvre. Circulation, expression, politique par Hélène Bouvier et Gérard Toffin (éds); Anthropos. 2014.
E. Cogato Lanza; M. Barcelloni Corte; F. Graezer Bideau : Comparing habitats: Reframing comparison in the “Post-disciplinary” era ; Lausanne: Contour journal for interdisciplinary research in architecture, design and planning.
E. Hertz; F. Graezer Bideau; W. Leimgruber; H. Munz : Politiques de la tradition. Le patrimoine culturel immatériel ; Lausanne: Presses Polytechniques et universitaires romandes.
S. Andris; F. Graezer Bideau : Patrimoine culturel: constitutions, conflits et conventions ; Zürich: Tsantsa.
J. Bondaz; F. Graezer Bideau; C. Isnart : Les vocabulaires locaux du patrimoine. Traductions, négociations et transformations. ; Münster/Berlin: LIT Verlag.
F. Saillant; M. Kilani; F. Graezer Bideau; A. Favole : Per un'antropologia non egemonica. Il Manifesto di Losanna ; Milano: Elèuthera.
F. Graezer Bideau : La danse du yangge. Culture et politique dans la Chine du XXe siècle ; Paris: La Découverte.
S. C. Houllier Binder / Y. Pedrazzini; F. Graezer Bideau (Dir.) : Singularité des slums: Production de l'espace dans la ville indienne. Lausanne, EPFL, 2019. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-9565.
M. S. Mühlemeier / C. R. Binder Signer (Dir.) : Resilience and agency in mature sustainability transitions. Theoretical conceptualisation and empirical analysis of actor- & system-level dynamics in sociotechnical energy systems. Lausanne, EPFL, 2019. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-9129.
L. F. Tiphine / J. Lévy; M. Lussault (Dir.) : L'événement proxémique : étude des relations de circulation entre piétons aux heures de pointe à Delhi, Los Angeles, Paris et Tokyo. Lausanne, EPFL, 2018. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-8668.
T. S. Baitsch / L. G. Pattaroni; C. Schmid (Dir.) : Incremental Urbanism: A study of incremental housing production and the challenge of its inclusion in contemporary planning processes in Mumbai, India. Lausanne, EPFL, 2018. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-7720.
M.-S. Piraud / L. G. Pattaroni; E. C. Alliez (Dir.) : Ambiguïtés de la « ville créative ». Lausanne, EPFL, 2017. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-7801.
M. A. B. Leroux / I. Lamunière; J.-C. Bolay (Dir.) : Urbaniser la campagne. Lausanne, EPFL, 2017. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-7446.
M. Jafarbegloo / L. Ortelli; F. Graezer Bideau (Dir.) : Where is my place? Native home and culture in Iranian immigrants' homemaking. Lausanne, EPFL, 2017. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-6773.
A.-L. S. I. Kern / J.-C. Bolay; C. Lutringer-Gully (Dir.) : Crise et gouvernance. Lausanne, EPFL, 2017. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-7404.
L. M. Reitz / Y. Pedrazzini (Dir.) : Assembler son quotidien sur la route. Lausanne, EPFL, 2016. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-7059.
H. Adly / L. Pattaroni; V. Kaufmann (Dir.) : Le cosmopolitisme à Genève du mythe aux territoires. Lausanne, EPFL, 2014. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-6254.
B. Ferrari / J. Lévy (Dir.) : Living in interesting times. Lausanne, EPFL, 2013. DOI : 10.5075/epfl-thesis-5704.
E. Cogato Lanza; M. Barcelloni Corte; F. Graezer Bideau : Comparing habitats. Reframing comparison in the “post - disciplinary” era; Comparing habitats: Reframing comparison in the “Post-disciplinary” era; Lausanne: Contour journal for interdisciplinary research in architecture, design and planning, 2019-09-12.
F. Graezer Bideau; A. Pagani : Shaping Urbanity: Politics and Narratives; The City after Chinese New Towns: Spaces and Imaginaries from Contemporary Urban China; Basel: Birkhäuser, 2019.
F. Graezer Bideau; H. Yan : Historic Urban Landscape in Beijing: The Gulou Project and Its Contested Memories; Chinese Heritage in the Making: Experiences, Negotiations and Contestations; Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2018. p. 298.
F. Graezer Bideau : Resistance to places of collective memories: A rapid Transformation Landscape in Beijing; The Palgrave Handbook of Urban Ethnography; London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. p. 259-278.
F. Graezer Bideau; E. Hertz : Regards sur les politiques du PCI en Suisse; Patrimoine culturel immatériel; Liège: Presses universitaires de Liège, 2017. p. 317-328.
S. Chappaz-Wirthner; V. Cretton; F. Graezer Bideau : Jeux de pouvoirs, jeux d’échelles, jeux d’images: trois terrains, une ligne d’horizon; Mélanges en l'honneur de Mondher Kilani; Lausanne: BNS Press, 2015. p. 43-58.
F. Graezer Bideau : Traditions vivantes, une catégorie bonne à penser ? Le cas de la Suisse; Les vocabulaires locaux du patrimoine. Traductions, négociations et transformations; Münster/Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2014. p. 123-144.
J. Bondaz; F. Graezer Bideau; C. Isnart; A. Leblon : Relocaliser les discours du "patrimoine"; Les vocabulaires locaux du patrimoine. Traductions, négociations et transformations; Münster/Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2014. p. 9-31.
F. Graezer Bideau : Travelling sur le processus d’exclusion de l’inventaire des traditions vivantes en Suisse : enjeux et raisons d’un (out)casting; Hors-champs; Neuchâtel: Musée d'ethnographie de Neuchâtel, 2013. p. 112-118.
F. Graezer Bideau; M. Kilani : George Town (Penang) Malaisie. Une capitale régionale consacrée ‘ville du patrimoine mondial’; Capitales et patrimoine à l’ère de la globalisation/ Capital Cities and Heritage in the globalization Era; Québec: Presses de l'Université de Laval, 2012. p. 161-189.
F. Graezer Bideau : Identifying ‘living traditions’ in Switzerland: Re-enacting federalism through the application of the UNESCO Convention; Heritage Regimes and the State; Göttingen: Göttingen University Press, 2012. p. 303-325.
F. Graezer Bideau : La Svizzera : una buona allieva nel processo di inventorio del PCI ? (La Suisse : bonne élève du processus d’inventaire du PCI ?); Identificazione partecipativa del patrimonio culturale immateriale transfrontaliero; Milano: ASPACI, 2011. p. 124-138.
F. Graezer Bideau; Y. Pedrazzini; L. Bordone; L. A. Herrera Quiroz; F. De Pieri : Memory and historic urban landscapes: An interdisciplinary research in Mexico-City, Rome and Beijing. 2017.
S. C. Houllier Binder; C. Iorio; Y. Pedrazzini; F. Graezer Bideau : In the [Big] Hybrid Cities. How the Concept of Hybridization helps us to understand the production of urban space, architecture and urbanism in the Global South. 2017.
F. Graezer Bideau : Cultural heritage, leisure and Beijing Olympic Winter Games 2022 ; Workshop at the Beijing Municipal Institute of City Planning and Design , Beijing, PRC, October 28, 2019.
F. Graezer Bideau; C. L. G. Renaud : Creative Communities A Landscape of Spaces and Practices ; The Chinese University of Hong Kong Global Studies Program, EPFL, Switzerland, June 11, 2019.
F. Graezer Bideau : Historic Urban Landscape as an opportunity for change? Evidence from Beijing ; Globalized Heritage in Asia: regional articulations, silences, contestations, Université de Genève, Suisse, May 24, 2019.
F. Graezer Bideau : Entangled Memories in the Bell and Drum Towers in Beijing ; ACC Lecture Architecture: conjectures and refutations, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, March 14, 2019.
F. Graezer BIdeau : Encountering cultures of making in China: narratives and practices of co-creative communities ; #Chinacreative: Users, Makers, Dreamers, a Workshop on Vernacular Creativity and Beyond, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 4-5, 2018.
F. Graezer Bideau; H. Yan : Re-creating Memories of Gulou: Three Temporalities and Emotions ; Association of Critical Heritage Studies 4th Biennal conference, Heritage Across Boarders, Hangzhou, China, September 1-6, 2018.
F. Graezer Bideau : Inventories without archives: the list of “Living Traditions in Switzerland” ; Archiving Intangible Cultural Heritage & Performing Arts – a Symposium for Living Traditions, Artlab, EPFL, Lausanne, August 6-7, 2018.
F. Graezer Bideau : Looking at Corboz from an anthropological perspective ; Table-ronde Revisiting André Corboz: methods, challenges, potentials, Università della Svizzera Italiana, Accademia di Architectura, Mendrisio, Switzerland, 29.10.2018.
F. Graezer Bideau : Heritage in the Making: a genealogy of successive attempts for UNESCO lists ; Public Seminar Memory and the city: An ongoing collective research on the Unesco site of Le Locle and La Chaux-de-Fonds, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, June 27, 2017.
F. Graezer Bideau : Redéfinitions du patrimoine culturel par les marges : Résistances à la Recommandation sur les paysages historiques dans le quartier de Gulou, Beijing ; Colloque International Le Patrimoine Mondial : une valeur universelle exceptionnelle ?, Centre des Monuments nationaux, Cité de Carcassonne, France, 4-5 Décembre, 2017.
F. Graezer Bideau : The thickness and fragmentation of urban collective memory: the “resistance of the stones” in Gulou, Beijing ; International Symposium on Anthropology undergoing the evolution of communities, Beijing, PRC, September 23, 2017.
F. Graezer Bideau : The Practices of World Heritage-Making: Chinese National Hegemony and UNESCO Narratives ; Lecture series Master Degree in Architecture Construction City, Turin, Italy, May 17, 2017.
S. C. Houllier Binder; C. Iorio; Y. Pedrazzini; F. Graezer Bideau : Focus Group Discussion on Hybrid Cities How the Concept of Hybridization helps us to understand the production of urban space, architecture and urbanism in the Global South. ; Focus Group Discussion on Hybrid Cities How the Concept of Hybridization helps us to understand the production of urban space, architecture and urbanism in the Global South., Anna University, Chennai, India, January 24, 2017.
F. Graezer Bideau; Y. Pedrazzini; L. A. Herrera Quiroz : Urban Scars, Ghosts and Collective Memories : Heritage and Resistance to Patrimonialization in Beijing and Mexico City ; School of Architecture / Anna University, Chennai, India, January 27, 2017.
F. Graezer Bideau : Cartographier les mémoires collectives à Gulou ou la difficulté d’allier les volontés politiques et les voix populaires dans le centre historique de Pékin ; Séminaire de l'Institut d'Asie Orientale, ENS-Lyon, France, Novembre 17, 2016.
F. Graezer Bideau; Y. Pedrazzini; C. Iorio : Architecture and Resistance: Theory, Methods and Projects ; Chinese New Towns (project), Torino, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, June 15, 2016.
M. Bonino; F. Graezer Bideau : Beijing Danwei: from the Memory of the City to New Regeneration Plans ; Forum Architecture in China and Italy: From Ancient Towns to Low-Carbon Towns, Firenze, Italy, March 18, 2016.
F. Graezer Bideau : China: current social issues ; Conference, Master degree in Architecture Construction City: Designing collective place in a Chinese new town, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, May 11, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Zhangjiakou sustainable projects for 2022 Winter Olympic Games: a critical overview from anthropological perspective ; Review of the Joint studio Tsinghua PoliTO 2015: Zhangjiakou sustainable projects for 2022 Winter Olympic Games, Castello del Valentino, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, June 15, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : China: from modernization to reforms ; Conference, Master degree in Architecture Construction City: Designing collective place in a Chinese new town, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, April 20, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Chengdu's history and social organizations ; Conference, Master degree in Architecture Construction City: Designing collective place in a Chinese new town, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, March 25, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Gulou communities between the historical Drum and Bell Tower square ; International workshop Architecture and Resistance, Lasur (ENAC), Iags (CdH), EPFL, Switzerland, December 14-15, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau; M. Bonino; F. De Pieri : The architectures of Expos ; Public Forum, The House of Switzerland, Expo Milano 2015, Italy, October 21, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau; F. Frassoldati : Discussants on Beijing Danwei: Industrial Heritage in the Contemporary City (Berlin, Jovis, 2015) edited by Michele Bonino and Filippo De Pieri ; Launch Book, Beijing Design Week, Relay Factory, Dashilar, Beijing, China, September 25, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Process of patrimonialisation and collective memories in Gulou communities ; International workshop: Mapping controversial memories project in Beijing, Beijing Design Week, BaiTaSi ReMade, Beijing, China, September 25-28, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Generating space both by and for the human body ; Beijing Design Week: Forum Bai Ta Si Rethinking Old Town Redevelopments, Tsinghua University (World Architecture Magazine), Beijing, China, September 27, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Mapping collective memories in Beijing: emerging controversies within Gulou communities ; International conference Cultural heritage in China: Contested Understandings, Images and Practices, Lund University, Sweden, June 17-18, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Identifying ‘living traditions’ in Switzerland ; International conference Das Immaterielle Kulturerbe in Österreich. Interaktionen von Kultur, Politik und Ökonomie, Museum für Volskunde, Institut für Kultur and Sozialanthropologie, Universität Wien, Austria, June, 10-12, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Teahouse in Chengdu: public spaces and Chinese society ; Lectures of Architecture Construction City, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, March 23, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Eduquer les masses par la culture: l'exemple de la danse du yangge ; Conférence, cours Enjeux sociaux en Chine contemporaine, Université de Genève, Suisse, Mars 17, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Introduction à la société chinoise ; Conférence, Module Social inclusion and elderly care, HES-SO travail santé, Lausanne, March 9, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : The mapping controversial memories (MCM) project ; Kick-off meeting of the Mapping controversial memories in the historic urban landscape: a multidisciplinary study in Beijing, Mexico City and Rome, Istituto Svizzero di Roma, Italy, February 18-20, 2015.
F. Graezer Bideau : Mapping collective memories in Beijing: emerging controversies within and between local communities ; International conference Citizen Civil Society and Cultural Policies of Heritage-Making in East and Southeast Asia, Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, December 11-13, 2014.
F. Graezer Bideau : Breathing new life into Beijing public spaces: an ethnography of neighbourhood community life ; Doctorate research in Architecture: history and project – New perspective on urban heritage, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, October 24, 2014.
F. Graezer Bideau : Mapping Controversial Memories in the Historic Urban Landscape: A Multidisciplinary Study in Beijing, Mexico City and Rome ; Launch workshop of the SNIS 2014 funded projects, Graduate Institute of International and Development studies, Geneva, October 9, 2014.
F. Graezer Bideau; P. Nyiri : Tourism and Heritage ; Conférence, Minor in Area and Cultural Studies, EPFL, July 15, 2014.
F. Graezer Bideau : Patrimoine tangible et intangible en Chine ; Conférence, Maîtrise pluridisciplinaire en études asiatiques (Master-Asie), IHEID, Genève, Suisse, Février 17, 2014.
F. Graezer Bideau : Cultural discourses on Heritage in China: an anthropological perspective ; Conference, Innovation and Organization of Cultural and the Arts (GIOCA): Heritage, History, and the Issue of Managing, University of Bologna, Italy, January 23, 2014.
F. Graezer Bideau; M. Kilani; F. Saillant : Anthropen, dictionnaire on line ; Présentation et lancement du dictionnaire d'anthropologie en ligne Anthropen, Université de Lausanne, Suisse, Février 25, 2013.
F. Graezer Bideau : Performing the ‘harmonious society’ in Huangling, Shaanxi Province. Chinese New Year Celebrations to ‘serve the people’ (wei renmin fuwu) ; International workshop: Disorder, Action and the Public Good in China, University of Lausanne, Switzerland, December 6-7, 2013.
F. Graezer Bideau : Comment Luca Zan paper – Nationalism in China and Historical Buildings ; International Workshop: The State and Historic Buildings: Preserving ‘the national Past’, European University Institute, Florence, Italy, November 8-9, 2013.
F. Graezer Bideau : Cultural Heritage Discourses and Contestations in China ; Minor in Area and Cultural Studies, Lausanne summer school, Module Society, EPFL, July 17, 2013.
F. Graezer Bideau; M. Kilani : Tourisme et patrimoine à Malacca. Un couple bien assorti ? ; Colloque international Médiation et créativité en tourisme et en patrimoine. Acteurs, modalités et enjeux, Musée de la mémoire vivante (Saint-Jean-Port-joli), Université Laval, Québec, Mai 12, 2013.
V. Kaufmann; Y. Pedrazzini; L. Pattaroni; F. Graezer Bideau; C. Lutringer-Gully et al. : Sociology meets Architecture ; Séminaire doctoral Politechnico de Turin, Turin, 9-10.09.2013.
F. Graezer Bideau : Analyser l’engagement scientifique dans le contexte de l’inventaire du patrimoine culturel immatériel en Suisse ; Décade de Cerisy: Le patrimoine culturel immatériel, Centre Culturel International de Cerisy-la-Salle, France, Septembre 24-29, 2012.
F. Graezer Bideau; M. Kilani : Multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism, and making heritage in Malaysia: a view from the historic cities of the Straits of Malacca ; International Symposium: Shaping Heritage-Scapes: Processes of Patrimonialization in a Globalized World, University of Lausanne, Switzerland, August 27-28, 2012.
F. Graezer Bideau : Heritage, Conservation and Civil Society ; Minor in Area and Cultural Studies, Lausanne summer school, Module Society, EPFL, July 17, 2012.
F. Graezer Bideau; W. Leimgruber : Heritage and Democracy ; Association of Critical Heritage Studies Inaugural Conference : Re-theorisation of heritage, University of Goteborg, Sweden, June 5-8, 2012.
F. Graezer Bideau : Modelling a national folk festival in heritage policy: The case of the Mountain of the Marvellous Peak (Miaofeng shan) near Beijing ; Association of Critical Heritage Studies Inaugural Conference : Re-theorisation of heritage, University of Goteborg, Sweden, June 5-8, 2012.
F. Graezer Bideau; M. Kilani : Le manifeste de Lausanne ; Conference, cours Histoire de la mondialisation, Université de Lausanne, Suisse, Mai 3, 2012.
F. Graezer Bideau : Traditions vivantes, une catégorie bonne à penser? Le cas de la Suisse fédérale ; Local Vocabularies of “Heritage”: Variabilities, Negotiations, Transformations, University of Evora, Portugal, February 8-10, 2012.
F. Graezer Bideau : Identifying ‘Living Traditions’ for
the UNESCO Convention for Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage : A new Storytelling of Swissness? ; Colloque annuel de la Société Suisse d'Ethnologie: Approaching Political Anthropology, University of Zurich, Switzerland, November 25-26, 2011.
F. Graezer Bideau; M. Kilani; F. Saillant : What perspectives are there for a non-hegemonic anthropology? ; 110th Annual meeting of the l’American Anthropological Association (AAA): Traces, Tidemarks and Legacies, Montreal, Canada, November 16-20, 2011.
F. Graezer Bideau; M. Kilani; F. Saillant : Quelles perspectives pour une anthropologie non hégémonique ? Le manifeste de Lausanne ; 1er congrès de l’Association française d’Ethnologie et d’Anthropologie (AFEA) Connaissance No(s) Limit (es), EHESS, Paris, France, Avril 17-21, 2011.
F. Graezer Bideau : Posture de l’anthropologue et statut de l’expertise dans le processus d’inventaire des ‘traditions vivantes’ en Suisse ; 1er congrès de l’Association française d’Ethnologie et d’Anthropologie (AFEA) Connaissance No(s) Limit (es), EHESS, Paris, France, Septembre 21-24, 2011.
F. Graezer Bideau : Identifying ‘living traditions’ in Switzerland: Re-enacting federalism through the Application of the UNESCO Convention ; working conference DFG Research Group 772 “The Constitution of Cultural Property”: Heritage Regime and the State: Nomination, Implementation, Regulation, University of Göttingen, Germany, June 17-19, 2011.
F. Graezer Bideau : Loisirs et pratiques sociales en Chine contemporaine: l'exemple du yangge et du qigong ; Conférence, cours SHS Mondes asiatiques: enjeux contemporains, EPFL, April 6, 2011.
F. Graezer Bideau : Making Swiss Intangible Cultural Heritage: tensions between the centre and its peripheries ; Colloque international de la Société Internationale d’Ethnologie et de Folklore (SIEF): People make places – ways of feeling the world, Université Libre de Lisbonne, Portugal, April 17-21, 2011.
A. Pagani : Hutongs-Transformations: A Battle between memories ; 2015.
M. Jaidi; H. Lakshmanan : Projet ENAC : Shipbreaking : a status report on the Alang-Sosiya Yard ; 2014.
culture and power
- Makerspaces: politics and communities of innovation in contemporary China (2016-2019)
Funded by the SNSF, this project is lead by Dr. Florence Graezer Bideau in collaboration with Dr. Marc Laperrouza, Monique Bolli and Clément Renaud (Iags, EPFL). It investigates the social, technical and commercial attributes of key Chinese makerspaces and their communities in three Chinese cities (Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen). While limited in size and scope, makerspaces and the maker movement in general offer a very rich environment to study much broader social, political and economic transformations taking place in contemporary China. It aims to shed light on how a bottom-up and autonomous movement responds to the co-opting of the State and to discuss the Chinese government’s plasticity and capacity to engage with emerging classes.
- Cultural policy in China in the 20th century (1995-2005)
Funded by several institutions (Mobility Grant between the University of Lausanne and Peking, Cantonal Grant of the Swiss Universities Central Office, and SNSF), this doctoral project was developed in China (Institute of Sociology and Anthropology, Peking University, Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), Beijing), Australia (Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU, Canberra) and France (China Centre (CECMC), EHESS, Paris). The construction of cultural policy made up the core of my Ph.D. research in Beijing and Shaanxi Province between 1995 and 2000. I explored it through the detailed study of the practice of yangge, a traditional folk dance ritual banned during the Cultural Revolution but is now practiced once again under China's reform policy. The practice of yangge allowed me to reflect on issues of popular culture in 20th-century China and analyze the processes of selection and categorization of cultural elements essential to cultural policy at the national level. Central to my training as an anthropologist and a sinologist, this research on the development of cultural policy and the use of popular culture provided the starting point for my current work on intangible cultural heritage and heritagization at different national and international levels.
- Mapping controversial memories in the historic urban landscape : a multidisciplinary study of Beijing, Mexico City and Rome (2015-2017)
Funded by the SNIS, this project is lead by Dr. Florence Graezer Bideau in collaboration with Dr. Yves Pedrazzini, Lesslie Herrera, Lucia Bordone (EPFL) and scholars in HES-Sierre, Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage à Beijing, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana –Iztapalapa à Mexico City, Politecnico Torino, Tsinghua University, Roma 2 and Roma 3. The research aims to produce a comparative, multidisciplinary study on the impact of UNESCO’s Recommendation on the historic urban landscape, (RHUL 2011), which seeks to integrate conservation and development in urban policy. The project addresses three questions in Beijing, Mexico City and Rome.
1) Which memorial references are mobilized by local actors in their historical urban landscape?
2) To what extent does the perception of collective-memory overlap with the existing local implementation of heritage conservation policies?
3) Which potential approach for the recognition of plural memories within the RHUL best underpins attachment to urban territories?
Combining methods from urban sociology, cultural anthropology and visual modeling, this project strives to contribute a better understanding of so-called collective memory dynamics and controversies that are emerging in these historic cities. The research encompasses popular understanding of uses of heritage, official norms and regulations as well as controversies produced by the mismatch of practice and discourse at the different levels of analysis: local; national; and international.
- Implementation of the UNESCO Convention for Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in Switzerland: an ethnography of cultural bureaucracy in the federalist context (2009-2012, 2012-2014)
Financed by the Swiss National Science Foundation (Sinergia Projects "Intangible Cultural Heritage: the Midas Touch?"and "Intangible Cultural Heritage: Whispered Words", directed by Prof. Ellen Hertz, University of Neuchâtel), this project followed the implementation of the UNESCO Convention, ratified by the Swiss Confederation in 2008. Using ethnographic methodology, complemented by a thorough mastery of the relevant documents and policy decision, this project explored how this new international cultural policy was applied in Switzerland and what effects it produced on Swiss conceptions of, and mobilization around, local, regional and national cultural forms. By surveying the process of cataloging intangible cultural heritage at various levels (local, cantonal, federal and international) - with a special focus on moments of definition and selection, (selection criteria, user guides, the use of outside expertise, the reference to "civil society") - this project shed new light on the nature of the relationship between state and society in the field of culture, the commodification or reification of cultural expressions and traditions, and the emergence of new forms of nationalism linked with folklorization. Adopting a broadly based comparative approach, this project not only explored Swiss cultural policy from a new angle - "intangible cultural heritage" - but also considered more comprehensively the effects of the UNESCO Convention on cultural policies worldwide.
- Multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism and making heritage in Malaysia: overview from the Straits of Malacca (2006-2011)
Begun in the context of the French-speaking Swiss Graduate Programme in Socio-Cultural Anthropology (CUSO) and funded by the University of Lausanne (Research Grant of the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences’ Dean office), this project was carried out in collaboration with Prof. Mondher Kilani (Laboratoire d’anthropologie culturelle et sociale, University of Lausanne) between 2006 and 2011. It was a reflection on multiculturalism and cosmopolitanism in Malaysia and revolved around the perceptions and representations of tangible and intangible cultural heritage within the three main communities of the Federation (Malay, Chinese and Indian) using a series of case studies in George Town (Penang), Melaka, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. The comparative analysis of these distinct processes of heritagization highlighted political, economical, social, religious and cultural issues linked to the Malaysian "rainbow nation", while also drawing attention to some of the problems inherent in the apparently universal UNESCO framework (contradictions between tangible and intangible heritage, commodification of living culture, consequences of gentrification, etc.).
making of the city
- Hybrid cities: Informal Resistances to the Violence of Urbanization in China, India and Venezuela (2016-2019)
Funded by the SNSF, the project is lead by Dr. Yves Pedrazzini (LAsur, EPFL) in collaboration with Dr. Florence Graezer Bideau, Salomé Houllier, Caroline Iorio (EPFL) and scholars in Politecnico di Torino, Anna University in Chennai, Instituto de Estudios Avanzados and Fundación Caracas and South China University of Technology in Guangzhou. As both a science and an ideology, contemporary urbanism induces a violence of urbanization. This is usually done in the name of formal planning of territory at the expense of informal settlements. The latter resist this formalization and their scheduled deletion, sometimes resorting to violence. In some cases this confrontation overcomes the duality between formal and informal. The confrontation of two icons of the modern city, the informal slum and the formal skyscraper, produces hybrid structures, objects, and details that move towards a new urbanism; our current cities are built by architectural, urban, territorial and social hybridization. This process creates an innovative and critical approach to the modern models of formal urbanization that seems to persecute the inhabitants of informal settlements, giving rise to resistance movements. These modalities vary widely across differing geopolitical contexts, which is why we work in three large urban areas simultaneously – Chennai in India, Guangzhou in China and Caracas in Venezuela. These we consider as separate expressions of a process that is global and complex; a process within which social struggles and urban problems bind closely through the development of new contradictions, all of which takes place at the heart of the city.
– Chinese New Towns: negotiating citizenship and physical form (2015-2017)
Funded by the Politecnico di Torino, the CeNTO project lead by Prof. Michele Bonino (Department of Architecture and Design) looks at the construction of the “third-generation” of Chinese New Towns that will host another 300 million rural Chinese migrating to urban areas over the next 20 years. Conditioned by certain new key-words promoted by the Chinese government - such as “innovation”, “sustainability”, “inclusive growth” - this research investigates how, through the lens of architecture and urban design, physical form, can reveal experimental processes of the negotiation of both citizenship and social identity. It also explores how Chinese New Towns have appropriated urban models from different contexts.